Civil Society: Bibliography

Academic resources

Appiagyei-Atua, Kwadwo. Civil Society, Human Rights and Development in Africa: A Critical Analysis. Peace, Conflict and Development 2, no. 2 (2002).

Barry, Binta, and Nancy L. Pearson. Rebuilding Communities: Training Trauma Survivors to Help Communities Heal after Atrocities.Minneapolis, MN: Center for Victims of Torture, 2004.

Beckman, Bjorn, and Anders Sjögren. Civil Society and Authoritarianism: Debates and Issues: An Introduction. In Civil Society and Authoritarianism in the Third World, edited by Björn Beckman, Eva Hansson, Anders Sjögren. Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2001.

Belloni, Roberto. Civil Society in War-to-Democracy Transitions. Paper presented at the 47th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, San Diego, March 24, 2006.

Belloni, Roberto. The Limits and Virtues of Civil Society. In State Building and International Intervention in Bosnia. London: Routledge, 2007.

Brahm, Eric. Transitional Justice, Civil Society, and the Development of the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Societies. International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law 9, no. 4 (2007).

Cameron, Maxwell A. Global Civil Society and the Ottawa Process: Lessons from the Movement to Bank Anti-Personnel Mines. Canadian Foreign Policy 7, no. 1 (1999): 85-102.

Centre for Civil Society. Definition of Civil Society.

Chopra, Jarat, and Tanja Hohe. Participatory Intervention. Global Governance 10, no. 3 (2004): 289-305.

Clarke, Miranda. Silent Discourse in Rwanda: What Role for Civil Society in a Fear-Based State? Paper presented at the International Society for Third-Sector Research (ISTR) Sixth International Conference, Toronto, Canada, July 11-14, 2004.

Colletta, Nat J., and Michelle L. Cullen. Rwanda: Hate, Fear and the Decay of Social Relations. In Violent Conflict and the Transformation of Social Capital: Lessons from Cambodia, Rwanda, Guatemala, and Somalia. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications, 2000.

Cooke, Bill, and Uma Kothari, eds. Participation: The New Tyranny? London: Zed Books, 2001.

Culbertson, Roberta, and Béatrice Pouligny. Re-imagining Peace After Mass Crime: A Dialogical Exchange Between Insider and Outsider Knowledge. In After Mass Crime: Rebuilding States and Communities, edited by Beatrice Pouligny, Simon Chesterman, and Albrecht Schnabel. New York: United Nations University Press, 2007.

Dahl, Robert A. A Democratic Dilemma: System Effectiveness versus Citizen Participation. Political Science Quarterly 109, no. 1 (1994): 23-34.

Doherty, Ivan. Democracy Out of Balance: Civil Society Cant Replace Political Parties. Policy Review 106 (April-May 2001): 25-35.

Dunbar, Judith. Ubudehe and the Kecamatan Development Projects: Case Study and Comparative Analysis. MA thesis, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, 2004.

Foley, Michael W. Laying the Groundwork: The Struggle for Civil Society in El Salvador. Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 38, no. 1 (1996): 67-104.

Heemskerk, Renske. The UN Peacebuilding Commission and Civil Society Engagement. Disarmament Forum 2 (May 2007): 17­-26.

Kaldor, Mary. The Idea of Global Civil Society. International Affairs 79, no. 3 (2003): 583-93.

Koonings, Kees. Civil Society, Transitions, and Post-War Reconstruction in Latin America: A Comparison of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Peru. Paper presented at the conference, The Role of Civil Society in Conflict Resolution, Maynooth, Ireland, February 16-17, 2002.

Kriesberg, Louis. External Contributions to Post-Mass-Crime Rehabilitation. In After Mass Crime: Rebuilding States and Communities, edited by Beatrice Pouligny, Simon Chesterman, and Albrecht Schnabel, 243-70. New York: United Nations University Press, 2007.

Mamdani, Mahmood. The Politics of Peasant Ethnic Communities and Urban Civil Society: Reflections of an African Dilemma. In Disappearing Peasantries? Rural Labour in Africa, Asia and Latin America, edited by Deborah Bryceson, Cristóbal Kay, and Jos Mooij, 98-111. London: Intermediate Technology Publications, 2000.

Moix, Bridget. Faith and Conflict. Washington, DC: Foreign Policy in Focus, October 4, 2007.

Mollica, Richard F., and Laura McDonald. Project 1 Billion: Health Ministers of Post-Conflict Nations Act on Mental Health Recovery, UN Chronicle 4 (2003).

Nawabi, Kanishka. Civil Societys Role in Reconciliation and Conflict Resolution. Paper presented at the Paris Civil Society Conference, May 24, 2008.

Posner, Daniel N. Civil Society and Reconstruction of Failed States. In When States Fail: Causes and Consequences, edited by Robert I. Rotberg, 237-55. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Pouligny, Béatrice. Civil Society and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding: Ambiguities of International Programmes Aimed at Building New Societies. Security Dialogue 36, no. 4 (2005): 495-510.

Pouligny, Béatrice, NGOs as Transnational Forces? Beyond the Myth, Evolving Interactions which Question the Political. Draft for the International Colloquium Globalisation Project, Resilience or Erosion? The State under Attack-from Above and Below, Center for International Studies and Research, Paris, France, June 15-16, 2000.

Pouligny, Béatrice. Peace Operations Seen from Below: UN Missions and Local People. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press, 2006.

Putnam, Robert D. Bowling Alone: Americas Declining Social Capital. Journal of Democracy 6, no. 1 (1995): 65-78.

Tarrow, Sidney. Making Social Science Work Across Space and Time: A Critical Reflection on Putnams Making Democracy Work. American Political Science Review 90, no. 2 (1996): 389-97.

Tolbert, David, and Andrew Solomon. United Nations Reform and Supporting the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Societies. Harvard Human Rights Journal 19 (2006): 29-62.

Sonner, Heather. Effective Civil Society Engagement with the Peacebuilding Commission: Principles and Mechanisms. Discussion Paper, World Federalist Movement, Institute for Global Policy, 2006.

Unsworth, Sue, and Peter Uvin. A New Look at Civil Society Support in Rwanda? Draft paper for the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, October 7, 2002.

Uvin, Peter. Fostering Citizen Collective Action in Post-Conflict Societies. In What Really Works in Preventing and Rebuilding Failed States: Building Civil Society in Post-Conflict Environments: From the Micro to the Macro. Occasional Paper Series, Issue 1, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Project on Leadership and Building State Capacity, November 2006.

Uvin, Peter. Life after Violence: A Peoples History of Burundi. London: Zed Books, 2008.

Weiss, Thomas G., and Leon Gordenker, eds. NGOs, the United Nations and Global Governance. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1996.

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News and reports

Hauss, Charles (Chip). Civil Society. Beyond Intractability. Edited by Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Boulder: Conflict Research Consortium, 2003.

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Policy analysis and practitioner documents

ActionAid, the Catholic Agency for Overseas Development (CAFOD), and CARE International. Consolidating Peace? Views from Sierra Leone and Burundi on the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission. Johannesburg: ActionAid/CAFOD/CARE International, 2007.

Afghan Civil Society Forum (ACSF). The Development of Civil Society in Afghanistan. Kabul: ACSF, 2006.

Bannon, Ian. The Role of the World Bank in Conflict and Development: An Evolving Agenda. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2004.

Barnes, Catherine. Agents for Change: Civil Society Roles in Preventing War and Building Peace. The Hague: Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict, 2006.

Brookings Institution. When Displacement Ends: A Framework for Durable Solutions. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2007.

Brown, Gillian, Sarah Cliffe, Scott Guggenheim, Markus Kostner, and Susan Opper. A Tale of Two Projects: Community-Based Reconstruction in East Timor and Rwanda. Social Funds Innovation Update 2, no. 4 (2002).

Caan, Christina, and Scott Worden. Rebuilding Civil Society in Afghanistan: Fragile Progress and Formidable Obstacles. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 2007.

Carothers, Thomas. Aiding Democracy Abroad: The Learning Curve. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1999.

Carothers, Thomas, and Marina S. Ottaway. Funding Virtue: Civil Society Aid and Democracy Promotion. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2000.

Cheru, Fantu. The Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative: A Human Rights Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP). New York: United Nations, 2001.

Collins, William A. Grassroots Civil Society in Cambodia. Final report of a discussion paper prepared for a workshop organized by Forum Syd and Diakonia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, September 1998.

Conflict Transformation Working Group (CTWG). Building Peace from the Ground Up: A Call to the UN for Stronger Collaboration with Civil Society. New York: CTWG, 2002.

Counterpart International. Afghan Civil Society Assessment and How Afghans View Civil Society. Arlington, VA: Counterpart International, 2005.

Crook, Richard. Strengthening Democratic Governance in Conflict Torn Societies: Civil Organisations, Democratic Effectiveness and Political Conflict. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies, 2001.

Department for International Development (DFID). Non-State Justice and Security Systems: A Guidance Note. London: DFID, 2004.

Department for International Development (DFID). Safety, Security and Accessible Justice: Putting Policy into Practice. London: DFID, 2002.

Doyle, Michael W. Peacebuilding in Cambodia: The Continuing Quest for Power and Legitimacy. In Cambodia and the International Community, edited by Frederick Z. Brown and David G. Timberman. New York: Asia Society, 1998.

Eisenbruch, Maurice, Chea Bunnary, Heng Kimvan, and Mech Samphors. Re-imagining Peace: Field Research in Cambodia (2004-2005): Field Material and Investigation Results. Interim Report, Center for International Studies and Research, 2005.

Ferris, Elizabeth. The Role of Civil Society in Ending Displacement and Peacebuilding. New York: United Nations Peacebuilding Commission, 2008.

Fischer, Martina. Civil Society in Conflict Transformation: Ambivalence, Potentials and Challenges. Berlin: Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management, 2006.

Fitzduff, Mari. Civil Society and Peacebuilding"The New Fifth Estate? The Hague: Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict, 2004.

Foy, Joseph J. From Civil War to Civil Society: Lessons from the IFES Democratic Development Programs in Deeply Divided Societies. Washington, DC: International Foundation for Electoral Systems, 2002.

Harpviken, Kristian Berg, and Kjell Erling Kjellman. Beyond Blueprints: Civil Society and Peacebuilding. Oslo: International Peace Research Institute, 2004.

Harpviken, Kristian Berg, Arne Strand, and Karin Ask. Afghanistan and Civil Society. Peshawar/Bergen: Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2002.

Lund, Michael, Peter Uvin, and Sarah Cohen. What Really Works in Preventing and Rebuilding Failed States: Building Civil Society in Post-Conflict Environments: From the Micro to the Macro. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2006.

Mashumba, Noria, and Yaliwe Clarke. The Peacebuilding Role of Civil Society in Southern Africa. Seminar Report, Policy Seminar of the Centre for Conflict Resolution/the Electoral Institute of Southern Africa, Maseru, Lesotho, October 14-15, 2005.

New York University Center on International Cooperation (CIC) and the International Peace Institute (IPI). Taking Stock, Looking Forward: A Strategic Review of the Peacebuilding Commission. New York: CIC/IPI, 2008.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee. Engaging Civil Society. Paris: OECD, 2005.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC). Issues Brief on Civil Society and Conflict. Paris: OECD DAC, 2005.

Paffenholz, Thania, and Christoph Spurk. Civil Society, Civil Engagement, and Peacebuilding. Washington DC: World Bank, 2006.

Ramkumar, Vivek, and Warren Krafchik. The Role of Civil Society Organizations in Auditing and Public Finance. Washington, DC: International Budget Project, 2005.

Sisk, Timothy D., ed. Democracy at the Local Level: The International IDEA Handbook on Participation, Representation, Conflict Management, and Governance. Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 2001.

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Issues Paper for the Session on Partnerships and Civil Society: Roles and Capabilities in Conflict Prevention and Peace Building. New York: United Nations, 2004.

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Review of National Action Plans on Youth Employment: Putting Commitment into Action. New York: United Nations, 2007.

United Nations Development Programme. Access to Justice: Practice Note. New York: United Nations, 2004.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). UNDP and Civil Society in Sri Lanka: Partnerships in Crisis Situations. New York: United Nations, 2007.

United Nations Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict. From Reaction to Prevention: Civil Society Forging Partnerships to Prevent Violent Conflict and Build Peace. New York: United Nations, 2005.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. A Practical Guide to Capacity-Building. Geneva: United Nations, 1999.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Handbook for Repatriation and Reintegration Activities. Geneva: United Nations, 2004.

United Nations Peacebuilding Commission (UNPBC). Civil Society Engagement.

United Nations Secretary-General. UN System and Civil Society: An Inventory and Analysis of Practices. New York: United Nations, May 2003.

United Nations Security Council. The Rule of Law and Transitional Justice in Conflict and Post-Conflict Societies. New York: United Nations, 2004.

Wieland-Karimi, Almu. Afghanistan: No Peace Without the Majority of the Population. Berlin: Friedrich Ebert Foundation, 2001.

World Bank. Toward a Conflict-Sensitive Poverty Reduction Strategy: Lessons from a Retrospective Analysis. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2005.

World Bank Social Development Department. Civil Society and Peacebuilding: Potential, Limitations and Critical Factors. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2007.

World Bank Social Development Department. Engaging Civil Society Organizations in Conflict-Affected and Fragile States: Three African Country Case Studies. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2005.

Ewa Wojkowska.Doing Justice: How Informal Justice Systems Can Contribute.Oslo: United Nations Development Programme Oslo Governance Centre, 2006.

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Afghan Civil Society Forum

Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit

Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace: Program on Civil Society

Center for Security and Peace Studies, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

Centre for Civil Society, London School of Economics

Centre for the Study of Global Governance, London School of Economics: Global Civil Society Research Theme

CIVICUS World Alliance for Citizen Participation

European Initiative for Peacebuilding


Geneva-based Organizations Engaged in Peacebuilding


Institute for Global Policy: Peacebuilding Commission Update, Civil Society Updates


Instituto Interamericano de Derechos Humanos (Inter-American Institute of Human Rights), Costa Rica: Department of Civil Society Entities


International Society for Third Sector Research

Peacebuilding Portal

People Building Peace


United Nations Development Programme: UNDP and Civil Society Organizations

United Nations Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict

United Nations Office at Geneva

West African Network for Peacebuilding

World Bank: The World Bank and Civil Society

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