Memorialization, Historiography & History Education: Bibliography: Memorialization

Academic resources

Amadiume, Ifi and Abdullahi An-Naim. The Politics of Memory: Truth, Healing, and Social Justice. New York: Zed Books , 2000.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. London and New York: Verso, 1983.

ANess, Francine Mary. Resisting Amnesia: Yuyachkani, Performance, and the Postwar Reconstruction of Peru. Theatre Journal 56, no. 3 (October 2004).

Bar-Tal, Daniel. Collective Memory of Physical Violence: Its Contribution to the Culture of Violence. In The Role of Memory in Ethnic Conflict edited by Ed Cairns and Micheal D. Roe. VA: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Ben-Amos, Dan and Liliane Weissberg, eds. Cultural Memory and the Construction of Identity. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1999.

Bloch, Maurice. Internal and External Memory: Different Ways of Being in History. In Tense Past: Cultural Essays in Trauma and Memory, edited by Paul Antze and Michael Lambeck, 215-234. London: Routledge & Kegan, 1996.

Bodei, Remo. Farewell to the Past: Historical Memory, Oblivion and Collective Identity. Philosophy and Social Criticism 18, no. 3/4 (1993): 251-265.

Buckland, Peter. Reshaping the Future: Education and Postconflict Reconstruction. Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2005.

Cairns, Ed, and Micheal D. Roe, eds. The Role of Memory in Ethnic Conflict. VA: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Connerton, Paul. How Societies Remember. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Coombes, Annie. History after Apartheid: Visual Culture and Public Memory in a Democratic South Africa. USA: Duke University Press, 2004.

Halbwachs, Maurice. On Collective Memory. Translated by Lewis A. Coser. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Halbwachs, Maurice. The Collective Memory. New York: Harper & Row, 1980.

Davis, Madelein. Is Spain Recovering its Memory? Breaking the Pacto del Olvido. Human Rights Quarterly 27 (2005): 858-880.

Doering, Tobias, ed. African Culture: Visual Arts and the Museum. USA: RODOPI, 2002.

Duffy, Terence M. Museums of Human Suffering and the Struggle for Human Rights. In Museum Studies - An Anthology of Contexts, edited by B.M. Carbonell.

Dwyer, Leslie and Degung Santikarma, Speaking from the Shadows: Memory and Mass Violence in Bali. In After Mass Crime: The Challenges of Rebuilding States and Communities Following Mass Violence. Edited by Beatrice Pouligny, Simon Chesterman, and Albrecht Schnabel. New York: United Nations University Press, 2007.

Edkins, Jenny. Trauma and the Memory of Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Fentress, James and Chris Wickham. Social Memory. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.

Gillis, John R., ed. Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.

Gready, Paul, ed. Political Transition: Politics and Cultures. UK: Pluto Press, 2003.

Greene, Sandra E. Sacred Sites and the Colonial Encounter: A History of Meaning and Memory in Ghana. Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2002.

Grosser, Alfred. Le Crime et le Mémoire. Paris: Flammarion, 1989.

Hacking, Ian. Memory Sciences, Memory Politics. In Tense Past. Cultural Essays in Trauma and Memory, by Paul Antze and Michael Lambeck, 67-88. London: Routledge & Kegan, 1996.

Hamber, Brandon. Public Memorials and Reconciliation Process in Northern Ireland. Paper presented at the Trauma and Transitional Justice in Divided Societies Conference, Airlie House, Warrington, Virginia, USA, March 27-29, 2004.

Hintjens, Helen. Post-genocide Identity Politics in Rwanda. Ethnicities 8, no. 5 (2008).

Huyssen, Andreas. Present Pasts: Urban Palimpsests and the Politics of Memory. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003.

Ingmundarson, Valur. The Politics of Memory and Reconstruction of Albanian National Identity in Postwar Kosovo. History & Memory 19, no. 1 (2007), 95-123.

Jelin, Elizabeth. State Repression and the Struggle for Memory. London: Latin American Bureau, 1993.

Jelin, Elizabeth. Public Memorialization in Perspective: Truth, Justice and Memory of Past Repression in the Southern Cone of South America. The International Journal of Transitional Justice 1 (2007).

Kelly, Grainne and Mari Fitzduff. Government Strategies on Victims in Post-Conflict Societies. International Conflict Research. University of Ulster/United Nations University, 2002.

Levinson, Sanford. Written in Stone: Public Monuments in Changing Societies. Duke University Press, 1998.

Levitin, Michael. Sealed in Stone: A Holocaust Memorial Project has Germany Stumbling over its Past. World Jewish Digest (May 1, 2006).

Lorey, David E. and William H. Beezley, eds. Genocide, Collective Violence and Popular Memory: The Politics of Remembrance in the Twentieth Century. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001.

Malkki, Liisa. Purity and Exile: Violence, Memory, and National Cosmology among Hutu Refugees in Tanzania. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

McEachern, Charmaine. Narratives of Nation Media, Memory and Representation in the Making of the New South Africa. NY: Nova Science, 2002.

Mda, Zakes. South African Theater in an Era of Reconciliation. In The Performance Arts in Africa,edited by Frances Harding. London: Routledge, 2002.

Minow, Martha and Nancy Rosenblum. Breaking the Cycles of Hatred: Memory, Law, and Repair. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Nuttal, Sarah and Carli Coetzee, eds. Negotiating the Past: The Making of Memory in South Africa. Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Osiel, Mark. Mass Atrocity, Collective Memory and the Law. NJ: Transaction, 1997.

Pouligny, Beatrice. The Forgotten Dimensions of Transitional Justice Mechanisms: Cultural Meanings and Imperatives for Survivors of Violent Conflicts. Paper presented at the Global Justice, Local Legitimacy International Conference, University of Amsterdam, January 2005.

Pouligny, Beatrice, Bernard Doray, Jean-Clement Martin. Methodological and Ethical Problems: A Trans-disciplinary Approach. In After Mass Crime: The Challenges of Rebuilding States and Communities Following Mass Violence, edited by Beatrice Pouligny, Simon Chesterman, and Albrecht Schnabel. New York: United Nations University Press, 2007.

Rassool, Ciraj, Leslie Witz, and Gary Minkley. Burying and Memorialising the Body of Truth: The TRC and National Heritage. In After the Truth and Reconciliation Commission: Reconciliation in the New Millenium, edited by W. James and L. Van de Vijver. Cape Town: David Phillip, 2000.

Ross, Bruce M. Remembering the Personal Past. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Ross, Marc. "Museums, Monuments, Memorials, and the Politics of Memory in Post-Apartheid South Africa."Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, 5 March 2005.

Schaller, Dominik J. From the editors: Genocide Tourism - Educational Value or Voyeurism? Journal of Genocide Research 9, no. 4 (2007): 513-515.

Schultz, Deborah. The Destiny of Monuments in Post-War Romania. Presented at The Politics of Cultural Memory Conference, Manchester Metropolitan University, November 4-6, 2004.

Soyinka, Wole. The Burden of Memory, the Muse of Forgiveness. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Steele, Sarah Louise. Memorialisation in the Land of the Eternal Spring: Performative Practices of Memory on the Rwandan Genocide. Paper presented at PASSAGES: law, aesthetics, politics, Melbourne, Australia, July 13-14, 2006.

Strauss, Melissa. Museums and Memory: Contact History and Contemporary Issues. Presented at The Politics of Cultural Memory Conference, Manchester Metropolitan University, November 4-6, 2004.

Summerfield Derek. Raising the Dead: War, Reparation and the Politics of Memory. BMJ 311 (1995): 495-497.

Walker, Kenneth. The History of South Africa: A Twice-Told Tale, Carnegie Reporter 2, No. 4 (Spring 2004).

Young, James E. The Texture of Memory: Holocaust Memorials and Meaning. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994.

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News and reports

Bickford, Louis. Monuments and Memory. International Herald Tribune, November 19, 2007.

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Policy analysis and practitioner documents

Barsalou, Judy and Victoria Baxter. The Urge to Remember: The Role of Memorials in Social Reconstruction and Transitional Justice. Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, January 2007.

Bennett, James. A Role for Keeping Places in the Timor Sea Region. Museum International, 219-220. 

Gutierrez, Edgar. Memory and Reconciliation: The Story of Guatemala. World Association for Christian Communities, United Kingdom, 2001.

Ibrahim, Mohammed. Understanding Peace Building Process in Plural Societies, and Lessons Learnt from Post Conflict Northern Ireland. UK: Commonwealth Policy Studies Unit, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, March 2005.

Kgalema, Lazarus. Symbols of Hope: Monuments as Symbols of Remembrance and Peace in the Process of Reconciliation. South Africa: Center for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, 1999.

Naidu, Ereshnee. Memorialisation: A Fractured Opportunity. South Africa: Center for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, 2004.

Naidu, Ereshnee. Empowerment through Living Memory: A Community-centered Model for Memorialisation. South Africa: Center for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, 2004.

Naidu, Ereshnee. Reclaiming Our Memory: A Facilitators Manual for Memorialisation Workshops. South Africa: Center for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, 2004.

Naidu, Ereshnee. The Ties that Bind: Strengthening the Links between Memorialisation and Transitional Justice. South Africa: The Center for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, 2006. 

Naidu, Ereshnee and Cyril Adonis. History on their Own Terms: The Relevance of the Past for a New Generation. South Africa: Center for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, 2007.

Report of the Reparation and Rehabilitation Committee: Introduction. Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa: Final Report. 2003: 92-180.

Topol, Sarah. Whats Being Done on Memory Projects? Washington, DC: World Movement for Democracy.

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Facing History and Ourselves

Healing Through Remembering

International Coalition of Historic Site Museums of Conscience

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

UNESCO - International Council of Museums

World Movement for Democracy

Includes page on memory projects worldwide

The Kigali Memorial Centere

Center for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation

Includes publications/projects related to living memory and memorialisation

District Six Museum

International Center for Transitional Justice

Includes information on memory and memorials

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