Disarmament, Demobilization, Reinsertion, & Reintegration

Disarmament, demobilization, reinsertion and reintegration (DDR) activities have played an increasingly important role in peacebuilding processes. DDR emerged in tandem with the growing awareness of scholars, international donors, and international organizations about the linkages between insecurity and underdevelopment in transitional environments. This section highlights the different conceptions, definitions and approaches that are applied and the preconditions for DDR. It explains why DDR should be approached as a comprehensive process, not as simply a sequence of events. It then turns to analyze a series of challenges to be faced at the implementation phase, namely: issues related to the identification of beneficiaries; the role of the different stakeholders in the process; and more practical challenges in terms of planning and sequencing, financing, managing expectations and monitoring and evaluation. DDR is not only a technical intervention; it is also the transformation of political, economic, and social environments. In other words, DDR not only concerns the future of ex-combatants, but also the integrated management of post-conflict issues including the political economy of peacebuilding, the transformation of political regimes and the psychosocial recovery of communities at large.
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